Monday, July 30, 2007

The Big Bang in a Dark Matter/Energy Universe.

I love this picture. Those are millions of galaxies!

The Big Bang in a Dark Matter/Energy Universe.

The main but yet false conjecture of the big bang theory is that all the universe’s space, time, energy and matter came from a singularity. That in this singularity all time and space comes to zero. This is where this theory falls apart.

The assumption that the universe is only E-M radiation, matter and energy is being reevaluated. Dark galaxies like VirgoHi21 show that there is matter coalescing and that this matter falls under the rules of time, space, and gravity. But Dark Matter does not have the same set of rules as baryonic matter.

Dark Matter galaxies do exhibit gravitational effects on baryonic matter galaxies. The pictures of NGC 4254 and VirgoHi21 show jets of Hydrogen being pulled/pushed from the visible Galaxy to the denser Dark Galaxy. There is gravitational lensing in the galactic cluster CL0024+17. This shows that the amount of energy needed to create the galactic cluster causes ripples in the dark matter.

The Dark Matter/Energy media

It is now hypothesized that the universe is made up of 74% dark energy, 22% dark matter and 4% baryonic matter and energy. These estimations would account for the odd behavior of stars in galaxies. Their overall velocities do not change based upon their position within the galaxy.

This paper goes to describe the Dark Matter/Energy universe as the medium of the universe and that the Big Bang was only an ultramassive supernova of baryonic matter and energy. This would require that time and space existed as they do now before the Big Bang. The Big Bang was the result of only the 4% of all of the universe’s baryonic matter and energy exploding within the Dark Matter/Energy universe.

This understanding would go to show that the Friedmann-LemaƮtre-Robertson-Walker metric is the shock wave that occurred within the existing Dark Matter/Energy universe caused by the exploding ultramassive super nova. This shockwave can be seen in the galactic cluster CL0024+17. This paper also attempts to show how small ultramassive black holes produce galactic clusters.

Every ultramassive black hole explosion follows approximately the same timeline as the Big Bang.

  • Around 10-32 second the temperature is ~1027˚C. This allows for the development of electrons, quarks and other sub-atomic particles. The size of the explosion at this time is dependent on the mass
  • At 10-6 the resulting explosion cools to 1013˚C allowing for the formation of neutrons and protons.
  • The first atoms form ~300,000 years after the explosion. These collect into protogalaxies over the next few million years. The temperature within the explosion is still around 10,000C.

This conjecture can be justified by examination of galactic cluster formation. The galactic cluster CL0024-16 T-R diagram shows disbursement of galaxies around a center point (TELESCOPE STUDY OF THE CLUSTER CL0024+16, Tommaso Treu, 2003). Other candidates include CL0024-17,…

These small ultramassive black holes explosions did not have any effect on the universe’s general time line or space volume. They just occurred within the current universe structure.

Creation of an ultramassive black hole.

The creation of an ultramassive black hole occurs when many supermassive black holes accrete into an ultramassive black hole. At some point the ultramassive black hole becomes unstable and explodes. Gravity from dark matter and Friedmann-LemaƮtre-Robertson-Walker metric can add to this instability causing ultramassive black holes to explode by bending or breaking the singularity.


Time and space are not relevant to the Big Bang Theory. Time and space are a function of dark matter and dark energy. We need to rethink these equations and remove the problem of universal time and space.

Many Thanks

Aaron Guerami

Saturday, July 28, 2007

Another Dark ... Matter

Addendum 2/16/2010:

Well again I am looking at Dark Matter. Well not exactly looking at it.

Here is a picture of NGC 4254. It is a beautiful spiral galaxy in the Virgo cluster. Notice its arm is pulled away from the galaxy. This is a question that has perplexed astronomers for years. Now it is understood.

The radio telescope of Arecibo Observatory, Cardiff University, Isaac Newton Telescope, and Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope have found a gas cloud of neutral Hydrogen and dark matter nearby. The finding of this cloud goes along way to understanding NGC 4254's outstretched arm.

Here is a picture of the area in the Virgo Cluster called VIRGOHI 21. Notice that the area is not visible. This is a Dark Matter Galaxy.

When we look at the area in the 21cm wavelength we see hydrogen gas jetting from NGC 4254 to VIRGOHI 21. In the third picture the Neutral hydrogen gas streams between NGC 4254 (top left) and the Dark Galaxy VIRGOHI 21 (center right) in this image made from radio telescope observations at a wavelength of 21 centimetres. This interaction could explain the mystery of NGC 4254's peculiar lopsided shape. To the bottom left, a ring of gas can be seen around the galaxy NGC 4262. This material was presented to the American Astronomical Society meeting in Washington, D. C. on January 12, 2006.

Even though Neutral Hydrogen is detected streaming into VIRGOHI 21, there is not enough hydrogen to cause the extension of the arm in NGC 4254. Something dense but dark is necessary to explain this. This is an example of Dark Matter.


CREDIT: Arecibo Observatory / Cardiff University / Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope.

Dark Matter - the other matter

We have known for some time that we were missing something. Every time we tried to model galaxy formation the stars would just fly apart. Then there was the problem that stars on the outer rims of galaxies moved at the same speed as those in denser regions.

For years now I have been contemplating the n-body problem. This problem is the model of Gravity. I noticed in my tea every morning that when I put the sugar in my tea and gave it a stir it would form the shape of a galaxy. The only way it could do this is if our models were missing the tea. Physicist also saw this problem, their galaxies were spinning out of control. Everything was in chaos. They were missing the tea too.

This picture is of the galactic cluster CL0024+17. Each point of light is a galaxy. Notice the dark ring. The amount of energy in the initial explosions caused a ripple in the dark matter. Visible matter is just a small part of the universe. Present estimates show the universe is made up of 22% Dark Matter, 74% Dark Energy, leaving only 4% of the universe made of light and normal matter.

What does this mean. We only understand ~4% of the universe. But with pictures like this we can start to understand the remaining 96%.

Picture, thanks to Hubble Space Telescope and to all the people who made this possible.
Addendum 5/16/2010