The Big Bang in a Dark Matter/Energy Universe.
The main but yet false conjecture of the big bang theory is that all the universe’s space, time, energy and matter came from a singularity. That in this singularity all time and space comes to zero. This is where this theory falls apart.
The assumption that the universe is only E-M radiation, matter and energy is being reevaluated. Dark galaxies like VirgoHi21 show that there is matter coalescing and that this matter falls under the rules of time, space, and gravity. But Dark Matter does not have the same set of rules as baryonic matter.
Dark Matter galaxies do exhibit gravitational effects on baryonic matter galaxies. The pictures of NGC 4254 and VirgoHi21 show jets of Hydrogen being pulled/pushed from the visible Galaxy to the denser Dark Galaxy. There is gravitational lensing in the galactic cluster CL0024+17. This shows that the amount of energy needed to create the galactic cluster causes ripples in the dark matter.
The Dark Matter/Energy media
It is now hypothesized that the universe is made up of 74% dark energy, 22% dark matter and 4% baryonic matter and energy. These estimations would account for the odd behavior of stars in galaxies. Their overall velocities do not change based upon their position within the galaxy.
This paper goes to describe the Dark Matter/Energy universe as the medium of the universe and that the Big Bang was only an ultramassive supernova of baryonic matter and energy. This would require that time and space existed as they do now before the Big Bang. The Big Bang was the result of only the 4% of all of the universe’s baryonic matter and energy exploding within the Dark Matter/Energy universe.
This understanding would go to show that the Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker metric is the shock wave that occurred within the existing Dark Matter/Energy universe caused by the exploding ultramassive super nova. This shockwave can be seen in the galactic cluster CL0024+17. This paper also attempts to show how small ultramassive black holes produce galactic clusters.
Every ultramassive black hole explosion follows approximately the same timeline as the Big Bang.
- Around 10-32 second the temperature is ~1027˚C. This allows for the development of electrons, quarks and other sub-atomic particles. The size of the explosion at this time is dependent on the mass
- At 10-6 the resulting explosion cools to 1013˚C allowing for the formation of neutrons and protons.
- The first atoms form ~300,000 years after the explosion. These collect into protogalaxies over the next few million years. The temperature within the explosion is still around 10,000C.
This conjecture can be justified by examination of galactic cluster formation. The galactic cluster CL0024-16 T-R diagram shows disbursement of galaxies around a center point (TELESCOPE STUDY OF THE CLUSTER CL0024+16, Tommaso Treu, et.al. 2003). Other candidates include CL0024-17,…
These small ultramassive black holes explosions did not have any effect on the universe’s general time line or space volume. They just occurred within the current universe structure.
Creation of an ultramassive black hole.
The creation of an ultramassive black hole occurs when many supermassive black holes accrete into an ultramassive black hole. At some point the ultramassive black hole becomes unstable and explodes. Gravity from dark matter and Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker metric can add to this instability causing ultramassive black holes to explode by bending or breaking the singularity.
Time and space are not relevant to the Big Bang Theory. Time and space are a function of dark matter and dark energy. We need to rethink these equations and remove the problem of universal time and space.